The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence by Ray Kurzweil Download (read online) free eBook .pdf.epub.kindle

The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence

Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century–an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the wa

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    Ahmad Sharabiani

    The age of spiritual machines: when computers exceed human intelligence, Ray Kurzweil
    Raymond “Ray” Kurzweil is an American author, computer scientist, inventor and futurist. Aside from futurism, he is involved in fields such as optical character recognition, text-to-speech synthesis, …
    تاریخ نخستین خوانش: بیست و پنجم اکتبر سال 2002 میلادی
    عنوان: عصر ماشین های معنوی؛ نویسنده: ری کورزویل؛ مترجم: سیمین موحد؛ تهران، پیکان، 1380؛ در 566 ص؛ کتابنامه از ص 499 تا ص 558؛ شابک: 9643281590؛ موضوع: هوش مصنو


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    Manny

    Jan 23, 2009

    rated it
    it was ok

    As an AI person, I have mixed feelings about this book. Half of me says that it’s nonsense: the author come across as ludicrously optimistic, indeed quite out of touch with reality, and saturated with hubris to the point where it’s starting to crystallize out in his hair. Who could ever take this crap seriously?

    The other half points out that, even though AI has a terrible history of overhyping itself, the errors are often not as bad as they first appear. People in the 50s did indeed make themsel

    The other half points out that, even though AI has a terrible history of overhyping itself, the errors are often not as bad as they first appear. People in the 50s did indeed make themselves look stupid when they said that a computer would be the world’s best chess player within 10 years. But if you compare them with Dreyfus, who wasted a lot of time arguing that computers would never, even in principle, be able to play Grandmaster-level chess, I know who I think came out looking dumbest. The AI people were off by a factor of at most 10, really nothing very serious.

    So when Kurzweil says that the Singularity’s going to be here by September 2014, or whatever his latest projection is, sure, he’s dreaming. But I don’t see why it’s so obvious that it won’t happen by, say, 2150. If you plot rate of technological progress over the last 50,000 years, is “exponential” really a crazy word to use?

    I think his hyper-optimistic projections are largely driven by his hope that the Singularity will get here in time to make him personally immortal. He’s quite upfront about this. And although the thought of an immortal Kurzweil is indeed pretty scary, I’m not sure it’s enough to justify dismissing all his ideas out of hand.
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    Reasonable

    Oct 09, 2014

    rated it
    really liked it

    Recommends it for:
    Technology/futurist enthusiasts

    The Age of Spiritual Machines, is an attention-grabbing and misleading title given to a decent futuristic book. I have long wanted to read a book by Ray Kurzweil. He is one of the most prolific futurist writers. The news of him becoming the Director of Engineering at Google, re-sparked my interest in him.

    I enjoyed the book, and found it quite accessible. Almost too accessible! Considering the complex nature of the subject-matter, technicalities are kept to a minimum. This is a good thing or a ba

    I enjoyed the book, and found it quite accessible. Almost too accessible! Considering the complex nature of the subject-matter, technicalities are kept to a minimum. This is a good thing or a bad thing depending on how well-versed you are on the subject. A wide range of topics are covered in this book, including the human brain, neural nets, future of AI, simulated realities, nanobots, transhumanism, technological singularity and self-replicating machines. I’m probably not going to read other titles by Kurzweil anytime soon, not because I have not enjoyed this one, but since the same material is likely to have been covered in them.

    As always, I’ll leave you with some of my favorite passages from the book.

    1. Can intelligence create another intelligence more intelligent than itself? [Everything pretty much boils down to this question.]

    2. The system designers don’t directly program a solution; rather, they let one emerge through an iterative process of simulated competition and improvement. [Evolutionary algorithms rock!]

    3. Inevitably, there must be planets out there that are covered with a vast sea of self-replicating nanobots. [Even if there’s a small error in the coding for self-replication of few nanobots, it can, in principle, go on ad infinitum. Scary stuff!]

    4. The feedback is used by the neural net to adjust the strengths of each interneuronal connection. Connections that were consistent with the right answer are made stronger. Over time the neural net organizes itself to provide the correct answers without coaching.

    5. Well before the twenty-first century is completed, people will port their entire mind file to the new thinking technology. There will be nostalgia for our humble carbon-based roots, but there is nostalgia for vinyl records also.

    6. Life on Earth has mastered the ultimate goal of nanotechnology, which is self- replication.

    7. $1000 of computing in 2060 will have the computational capacity of a trillion human brains.

    8. The human brainʹs density of computation is about 2 cpspcmm (calculations per second per cubic micrometer). That is not very high‐ nanotube circuitry, which has already been demonstrated, is potentially more than a trillion times higher.
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